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caliber    音标拼音: [k'æləbɚ]
n. 口径,才干,器量

口径,才干,器量

caliber
n 1: a degree or grade of excellence or worth; "the quality of
students has risen"; "an executive of low caliber" [synonym:
{quality}, {caliber}, {calibre}]
2: diameter of a tube or gun barrel [synonym: {bore}, {gauge},
{caliber}, {calibre}]

Caliber \Cal"i*ber\, Calibre \Cal"ibre\, n. [F. calibre, perh.
fr. L. qualibra of what pound, of what weight; hence, of what
size, applied first to a ball or bullet; cf. also Ar.
q[=a]lib model, mold. Cf. {Calipers}, {Calivere}.]
[1913 Webster]
1. (Gunnery) The diameter of the bore, as a cannon or other
firearm, or of any tube; or the weight or size of the
projectile which a firearm will carry; as, an 8 inch gun,
a 12-pounder, a 44 caliber.
[1913 Webster]

The caliber of empty tubes. --Reid.
[1913 Webster]

A battery composed of three guns of small caliber.
--Prescott.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The caliber of firearms is expressed in various ways.
Cannon are often designated by the weight of a solid
spherical shot that will fit the bore; as, a
12-pounder; pieces of ordnance that project shell or
hollow shot are designated by the diameter of their
bore; as, a 12 inch mortar or a 14 inch shell gun;
small arms are designated by hundredths of an inch
expressed decimally; as, a rifle of .44 inch caliber.
[1913 Webster]

2. The diameter of round or cylindrical body, as of a bullet
or column.
[1913 Webster]

3. Fig.: Capacity or compass of mind. --Burke.
[1913 Webster]

{Caliber compasses}. See {Calipers}.

{Caliber rule}, a gunner's calipers, an instrument having two
scales arranged to determine a ball's weight from its
diameter, and conversely.

{A ship's caliber}, the weight of her armament.
[1913 Webster]

150 Moby Thesaurus words for "caliber":
IQ, ability, ableness, adequacy, amount, amplitude, apprehension,
area, bigness, body, bore, breadth, bulk, bump, capability,
capableness, capacity, class, compass, competence, comprehension,
conception, coverage, cut, deductive power, degree, depth,
diameter, dimension, dimensions, dower, dowry, efficacy,
efficiency, endowment, equipment, esemplastic power, expanse,
expansion, extension, extent, facility, faculty, fitness, flair,
force, forte, gauge, genius, gift, girth, grade, greatness, height,
ideation, instinct, integrative power, intellect,
intellectual grasp, intellectual power, intellectualism,
intellectuality, intelligence, intelligence quotient, interval,
knowledge, largeness, leap, length, level, long suit, magnitude,
makings, mark, mass, measure, measurement, mental age,
mental capacity, mental grasp, mental ratio, mentality, merit,
metier, mother wit, native wit, natural endowment, natural gift,
notch, nuance, parts, pas, peg, period, pitch, plane, plateau,
point, potential, power, power of mind, powers, proficiency,
proportion, proportions, qualification, radius, range, ratio,
rationality, reach, reasoning power, remove, round, rung, sanity,
scale, scope, scope of mind, semidiameter, sense, shade, shadow,
size, space, speciality, spread, stair, standard, stature, step,
stint, strong flair, strong point, sufficiency, susceptibility,
talent, talents, the goods, the stuff, thinking power, tread,
understanding, value, virtue, volume, what it takes, width, wit,
worth



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