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science    音标拼音: [s'ɑɪəns]
n. 科学,学科,学问,自然科学,技术




n 1: a particular branch of scientific knowledge; "the science
of genetics" [synonym: {science}, {scientific discipline}]
2: ability to produce solutions in some problem domain; "the
skill of a well-trained boxer"; "the sweet science of
pugilism" [synonym: {skill}, {science}]

Science \Sci"ence\, n. [F., fr. L. scientia, fr. sciens, -entis,
p. pr. of scire to know. Cf. {Conscience}, {Conscious},
1. Knowledge; knowledge of principles and causes; ascertained
truth of facts.
[1913 Webster]

If we conceive God's sight or science, before the
creation, to be extended to all and every part of
the world, seeing everything as it is, . . . his
science or sight from all eternity lays no necessity
on anything to come to pass. --Hammond.
[1913 Webster]

Shakespeare's deep and accurate science in mental
philosophy. --Coleridge.
[1913 Webster]

2. Accumulated and established knowledge, which has been
systematized and formulated with reference to the
discovery of general truths or the operation of general
laws; knowledge classified and made available in work,
life, or the search for truth; comprehensive, profound, or
philosophical knowledge.
[1913 Webster]

All this new science that men lere [teach].
[1913 Webster]

Science is . . . a complement of cognitions, having,
in point of form, the character of logical
perfection, and in point of matter, the character of
real truth. --Sir W.
[1913 Webster]

3. Especially, such knowledge when it relates to the physical
world and its phenomena, the nature, constitution, and
forces of matter, the qualities and functions of living
tissues, etc.; -- called also {natural science}, and
{physical science}.
[1913 Webster]

Voltaire hardly left a single corner of the field
entirely unexplored in science, poetry, history,
philosophy. --J. Morley.
[1913 Webster]

4. Any branch or department of systematized knowledge
considered as a distinct field of investigation or object
of study; as, the science of astronomy, of chemistry, or
of mind.
[1913 Webster]

Note: The ancients reckoned seven sciences, namely, grammar,
rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, music, geometry, and
astronomy; -- the first three being included in the
Trivium, the remaining four in the Quadrivium.
[1913 Webster]

Good sense, which only is the gift of Heaven,
And though no science, fairly worth the seven.
[1913 Webster]

5. Art, skill, or expertness, regarded as the result of
knowledge of laws and principles.
[1913 Webster]

His science, coolness, and great strength. --G. A.
[1913 Webster]

Note: Science is applied or pure. Applied science is a
knowledge of facts, events, or phenomena, as explained,
accounted for, or produced, by means of powers, causes,
or laws. Pure science is the knowledge of these powers,
causes, or laws, considered apart, or as pure from all
applications. Both these terms have a similar and
special signification when applied to the science of
quantity; as, the applied and pure mathematics. Exact
science is knowledge so systematized that prediction
and verification, by measurement, experiment,
observation, etc., are possible. The mathematical and
physical sciences are called the exact sciences.
[1913 Webster]

{Comparative sciences}, {Inductive sciences}. See under
{Comparative}, and {Inductive}.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: Literature; art; knowledge.

Usage: {Science}, {Literature}, {Art}. Science is literally
knowledge, but more usually denotes a systematic and
orderly arrangement of knowledge. In a more
distinctive sense, science embraces those branches of
knowledge of which the subject-matter is either
ultimate principles, or facts as explained by
principles or laws thus arranged in natural order. The
term literature sometimes denotes all compositions not
embraced under science, but usually confined to the
belles-lettres. [See {Literature}.] Art is that which
depends on practice and skill in performance. "In
science, scimus ut sciamus; in art, scimus ut
producamus. And, therefore, science and art may be
said to be investigations of truth; but one, science,
inquires for the sake of knowledge; the other, art,
for the sake of production; and hence science is more
concerned with the higher truths, art with the lower;
and science never is engaged, as art is, in productive
application. And the most perfect state of science,
therefore, will be the most high and accurate inquiry;
the perfection of art will be the most apt and
efficient system of rules; art always throwing itself
into the form of rules." --Karslake.
[1913 Webster]

Science \Sci"ence\, v. t.
To cause to become versed in science; to make skilled; to
instruct. [R.] --Francis.
[1913 Webster]

63 Moby Thesaurus words for "science":
academic discipline, academic specialty, applied science, area,
arena, art, body of knowledge, branch, concern, craft,
department of knowledge, discipline, domain, electrobiology,
electrochemistry, electrokinetics, electromechanics,
electrometallurgy, electrometry, electronics, electrooptics,
electrophysics, electrostatics, electrotechnics, electrotechnology,
erudition, expertise, field, field of inquiry, field of study,
galvanism, information, knowledge, learning, lore, magnetics,
mechanics, mechanism, method, natural science, ology, proficiency,
province, pure science, realm, scholarship, skill, social science,
specialty, sphere, study, subject, system, technic,
technical know-how, technical knowledge, technical skill,
technicology, technics, technique, technology, thermionics,




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