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affect    音标拼音: [əf'ɛkt]
vt. 影响,妨害,感动,感染,感动;假装,冒充;常去…

影响,妨害,感动,感染,感动;假装,冒充;常去…

affect
n 1: the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion
v 1: have an effect upon; "Will the new rules affect me?" [synonym:
{affect}, {impact}, {bear upon}, {bear on}, {touch on},
{touch}]
2: act physically on; have an effect upon; "the medicine affects
my heart rate"
3: connect closely and often incriminatingly; "This new ruling
affects your business" [synonym: {involve}, {affect}, {regard}]
4: make believe with the intent to deceive; "He feigned that he
was ill"; "He shammed a headache" [synonym: {feign}, {sham},
{pretend}, {affect}, {dissemble}]
5: have an emotional or cognitive impact upon; "This child
impressed me as unusually mature"; "This behavior struck me
as odd" [synonym: {affect}, {impress}, {move}, {strike}]

Affect \Af*fect"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Affected}; p. pr. & vb.
n. {Affecting}.] [L. affectus, p. p. of afficere to affect by
active agency; ad facere to make: cf. F. affectere, L.
affectare, freq. of afficere. See {Fact}.]
1. To act upon; to produce an effect or change upon.
[1913 Webster]

As might affect the earth with cold heat. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

The climate affected their health and spirits.
--Macaulay.
[1913 Webster]

2. To influence or move, as the feelings or passions; to
touch.
[1913 Webster]

A consideration of the rationale of our passions
seems to me very necessary for all who would affect
them upon solid and pure principles.
[1913 Webster]

3. To love; to regard with affection. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

As for Queen Katharine, he rather respected than
affected, rather honored than loved, her. --Fuller.
[1913 Webster]

4. To show a fondness for; to like to use or practice; to
choose; hence, to frequent habitually.
[1913 Webster]

For he does neither affect company, nor is he fit
for it, indeed. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

Do not affect the society of your inferiors in rank,
nor court that of the great. --Hazlitt.
[1913 Webster]

5. To dispose or incline.
[1913 Webster]

Men whom they thought best affected to religion and
their country's liberty. --Milton.
[1913 Webster]

6. To aim at; to aspire; to covet. [Obs.]
[1913 Webster]

This proud man affects imperial ?way. --Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

7. To tend to by affinity or disposition.
[1913 Webster]

The drops of every fluid affect a round figure.
--Newton.
[1913 Webster]

8. To make a show of; to put on a pretense of; to feign; to
assume; as, to affect ignorance.
[1913 Webster]

Careless she is with artful care,
Affecting to seem unaffected. --Congreve.
[1913 Webster]

Thou dost affect my manners. --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

9. To assign; to appoint. [R.]
[1913 Webster]

One of the domestics was affected to his special
service. --Thackeray.
[1913 Webster]

Syn: To influence; operate; act on; concern; move; melt;
soften; subdue; overcome; pretend; assume.
[1913 Webster]


Affect \Af*fect"\ ([a^]f*f[e^]kt"), n. [L. affectus.]
1. Affection; inclination; passion; feeling; disposition.
[Obs.] --Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Psychotherapy) The emotional complex associated with an
idea or mental state. In hysteria, the affect is sometimes
entirely dissociated, sometimes transferred to another
than the original idea.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

254 Moby Thesaurus words for "affect":
act, act a part, act like, act on, act upon, actuate, adopt,
affect, affection, affectivity, agitate, alter, answer to,
appertain to, apply to, assume, attack, attitude, be dressed in,
bear on, bear upon, belong to, bend, betoken, bias, bluff, borrow,
brandish, breathe, bring, bring forth, bring forward,
bring into view, bring out, bring to notice, call for, carry,
change, choose, chorus, color, come home to, comprise,
concentrate on, concern, connect, contain, copy, correspond to,
counterfeit, cover up, crib, dangle, deal with, demonstrate,
develop, disclose, display, dispose, dissemble, dissimulate, ditto,
divulge, do, do a bit, do like, dramatize, draw, drive, echo,
embody, emotion, emotional charge, emotional shade, emotivity,
enact, entail, evidence, evince, exhibit, experience,
expose to view, express, fake, feeling, feeling tone, feign,
flaunt, flourish, focus on, foreboding, forge, four-flush, gammon,
get, give sign, give token, go deep, go like, go through one,
grieve, gut reaction, hang out, haunt, have connection with,
have on, heartthrob, highlight, histrionize, hit, hit the mark,
hoke, hoke up, illuminate, imitate, impel, implicate, imply,
impress, impress forcibly, impression, incarnate, incline,
indicate, induce, influence, inspire, interest, involve,
lay hold of, lead, lead to, let on, let on like, liaise with,
link with, make a pretense, make an impression, make as if,
make believe, make clear, make like, make out like, make plain,
manifest, materialize, mean, melt, melt the heart, mental attitude,
mirror, modify, move, operate on, opinion, overact, parade,
passion, penetrate, perform, persuade, pertain to, perturb, pierce,
plagiarize, play, play a part, play a scene, play possum, playact,
position, posture, predispose, present, presentiment, presume,
presuppose, pretend, pretend to, produce, profess, profound sense,
prompt, psychology, put on, put on airs, reach, reaction, reecho,
refer to, reflect, regard, relate to, repeat, represent, require,
resort, respect, response, reveal, rock, roll out, sadden, select,
sensation, sense, sentiment, set forth, sham, show, show forth,
simulate, sink in, smart, smite, soften, soften up, sport,
spotlight, stance, sting, stir, strike, strike hard, strike home,
subsume, sway, take, take in, tell, tie in with, tinge, token,
tone, touch, touch a chord, touch upon, transform, traumatize,
treat, treat of, trot out, trouble, tug the heartstrings,
undercurrent, unfold, upset, use, wave, way of thinking, wear,
wear down, weigh with, work



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